What medical uses could injectable electronics enable?
The medical uses are potentially huge. "The technology could be used to help recover tissues following a brain injury or help manage diabetes by providing an intelligent solution for controlling insulin levels," says Collette Johnson, Medical Business Development Manager at Plextek Consulting. "Injectable electronics could also provide similar applications in chemical regulation of the brain for people with imbalances, as well as for individuals with growth hormone-related diseases. They could also be used to help control prosthetics by reacting to muscle motion."
In June the Lieber Research Group at Harvard University unveiled an injectable mesh that was able to detect electrical signals within mice brains, which could help scientists unravel how the brain's cells communicate. The mesh was injected through a needle just 0.1mm in diameter.
Could injected electronics be the next wave of wearable tech?
"Yes, technology is fast advancing to a stage where this is possible," says Kamat. "These types of treatments could be made feasible by microelectronics, which can be injected or delivered at desired locations in the body via minimally invasive procedures." For anyone squeamish about having things physically inserted under the skin, Kamat points out that ID tags have been implanted in pets for tracking purposes for years.
"Was cyclist who killed CBS executive's wife using a fitness app that turns every journey into a race? He had top rankings on 'Strava' site.
Jason Marshall crashed into Jill Tarlov while riding through Central Park She was left brain dead by the collision and died on MondayMarshall, 31, is said to be an avid user of the racing app called Strava It uses GPS so riders can race each other over stretches of road The saxophonists had completed four 'fastest time achievements' in New York before the tragic collision There have been two lawsuits associated with the app in the last four yearsMarshall has not been charged with any crime but police are still investigating the incident
The cyclist whose collision with a CBS executive's wife ultimately led to her death is believed to have top ratings on a fitness app which allows users to race each other.
Jason Marshall, 31, who hit 59-year-old Jill Tarlov while she was walking through Central Park last Thursday, is said to be an avid user of Strava, a service which allows riders to challenge one another and share their locations via GPS.
It has a ranking system where cyclists can record their times over 2.5million different routes in a bid to become KOM - or King Of The Mountain - or complete various 'achievements'."
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2769944/Was-cyclist-killed-CBS-executive-s-wife-using-fitness-app-turn-journey-race.html#ixzz3EiXSwrv8
More on Ingress
I first came across location based role playing games (LBRPG) when I was researching for an ISTAS11 presentation done via Skype.
More recently I wrote this article which touched on some of the issues of knowing when AR has gone too far- real, not real? Who knows... and that's the real problem!
Check out aimbot below... that video is not for the queezy...
"Today, when doctors suspect that a patient has a cardiac arrhythmia that could lead to a heart attack, they can implant a tiny cardiac monitor smaller than a AAA battery in the patient's chest, directly over the heart. The company that makes that monitor, Medtronic, thinks the day will come when perfectly healthy people will be clamoring to have that gear inside them as well.
At a Medical Design & Manufacturing conference today, Medtronic program director Mark Phelps described his company's successful efforts to miniaturize its cardiac technologies. In February, the company began a clinical trial of its pill-sized pacemaker, which is implanted inside the heart. While Phelps presented that tiny pacemaker as a remarkable feat of engineering, he saved his real excitement for the tiny Linq cardiac monitor, which went on sale this year. Phelps declared that the device heralded "the beginning of a new industry" in diagnostic and monitoring implants.
Phelps argued that such an implant could be enhanced with more sensors to give people reams of biometric information, which would improve their healthcare throughout their lives. Young healthy people could use the sensors to track heart rate and calories burned, the kind of information that quantified selfers get today from wearable gadgets like the Fitbit. Later, the sensors would help with disease management, as they could be programmed to monitor particular organs or systems. Finally, they could enable independent living for the elderly by allowing doctors to keep watch over their patients remotely. "I would argue that it will eventually be seen as negligent not to have these sensors," Phelps said. "It's like driving without any gauges of your feedback systems."
The data generated by these implants would be provided to both the patient and the physician, Phelps said, and would allow both to see how lifestyle changes affect the patient's health over time, or how his or her body reacts to certain pharmaceuticals. This Big Data approach could enable a shift from reactive, symptom-based medicine to a preventative care model.
Such a medical system would be intrusive in two senses, Phelps admitted: Not only would doctors be physically cutting into a patient's body, they would also be exposing a great deal of the patient's biometric data. Yet Phelps believes that people will embrace the sensor-enabled lifestyle. "You'll get so used to having that feedback and information, you won't be able to imagine life without it," he said. "
Read more here
"Smart pills that monitor events in the body and transmit information to medical providers, pharmaceutical companies, and family members are raising legal and ethical questions that will need to be addressed, according to The Washington Post.
Ingestible nanosensors likely to be commercially available within five years, are capable of monitoring whether a person takes their medication. Experts say half of all patients don’t take their medicines as prescribed. The smart pills can also stream data on temperature, heart rate, and level of activity, the Post reported.
GODSEND OR INVASION OF PRIVACY
Such information, while a godsend to concerned family members of the elderly, also raises civil liberties issues. Among these is whether patients can maintain ultimate control over what information they share with outsiders. How can personal medical data be kept out of the hands of government including law enforcement? Can government compel patients to have their medical records implanted for their own protection as in the case of those suffering from dementia?"
The Nymi is the first wearable authentication technology that allows you to take control of your identity through cardiac rhythm recognition. Authenticate once and remain authenticated until the wristband is removed. Move beyond passwords, pins and locks and interact with the technology that fills your daily life with proximity detection and task-based gesture control. The Nymi presents a new and exciting system that grants you access for being you!
"...The use of reflective technology raised a critical challenge where natural light enters through a person's fingernail and is detected by the light detector. In order to ensure an accurate measurement is made, Tinké is packed with a comprehensive set of signal processing algorithms designed to treat the signals detected and filter all background signals.* "
"....Within The Human Locomotome Project, we have created a new technology utilizing mathematical models and diagnostics tools that can identify risks of age-related diseases on early stages through analysis of everyday activity movement. Access to this data provides awareness of your health factors, allowing for early prevention and lifestyle changes."
We're moving closer to the ultimate ID... it not only moves with you, but will be in you.
From The Guardian (extracts with emphasis added):
"Keeping track of your emails and staying on top of your calendar might be hard enough, but for American software developer Chris Dancy, life doesn’t feel complete without several hundred data sets about his life being fed to him simultaneously at all times.
Today, Dancy is “travelling light”, only wearing seven devices: above his eyes sits the unmistakable horizontal bar of a Google Glass headset, which records everything he sees, while around his neck hangs a Memoto narrative camera, which takes a picture every 30 seconds for good measure. On one wrist is a Pebble watch, which sends him alerts from his two smartphones, while around the other is a Fitbit Flex, tracking his movement and sleep patterns 24 hours a day. And then there’s the stuff you can’t see: a Blue HR heart rate monitor strapped to his chest, a BodyMedia fitness tracker around his upper arm and, lurking beneath his waistband, a Lumoback posture sensor – “which vibrates when I slouch,” he beams.
“Right now I feel pretty naked,” he says, “because I can’t control the room.” Back at home in Denver, Colorado, all the data from these devices feeds directly into his ambient environment, which automatically adjusts according to his mood and needs.
“The house knows my behaviours,” he says. “If I get really stressed out and don’t sleep well, when I wake up the light is a certain colour, the room a particular temperature, and certain music plays. My entire life is preconditioned based on all this information that I collect in real time.”
“All this stuff [...] needs to be in my clothing. Why can’t your shoes have haptic sensors in them, so if you’re walking you don’t need GPS – your shoe just vibrates left or right? I think this low-friction, ambient feedback is really the future, but for now we have to strap all this stuff on and look silly.”
Dancy is perhaps the most extreme exponent [of] a community dedicated to tracking and archiving every aspect of their known existence. But might others also be watching them too?
“That’s a very real concern,” says John Weir, director of the Wearable Technology Show. “You can quantify yourself as much as you want, but a lot of that is fed back on the web, and a lot of the companies now hold immense amounts of data on their customers. Particularly with medical applications, where people will hopefully be feeding stuff back to their doctors, the ownership of data and privacy is going to become a big issue.”
Dancy shares these concerns, but is more optimistic about the beneficial power of mastering our data, as long as we stop giving it away. “We don’t have a sharing problem, we have a data intimacy problem,” he says. “It’s urgent that people look at the data they are creating and giving away – so much of it can be used to make our lives better, rather than lining the pockets of mega corporations.”
In reality, few have the software skills to ensure their personal data is not being harvested against their will, so maybe it’s for the best that most wearable tech still makes you look like an extra from Star Trek. For some, that’s a useful deterrent from ever wearing it."
It is with great joy that MG and I write to let you know that the Uberveillance edited volume is finally in stores and available for purchase. We encourage you to ask your libraries to purchase the volume. Of significance are the coming together of well-known voices in the surveillance field to discuss the definition and impact of uberveillance, including Katherine Albrecht, Roger Clarke, Mark Gasson, Kevin Haggerty, Steve Mann, Ellen McGee, Kevin Warwick, Marcus Wigan and numerous authorities on the topic of microchipping people. This volume contains 17 book chapters, and 7 interviews and panel presentations as well as full referencing of source materials in some 500 pages.
PART A The Veillances
Chapter 1 Introduction: On the “Birth” of Uberveillance (pages 1-31) M. G. Michael (University of Wollongong, Australia)
Chapter 2 Veillance: Beyond Surveillance, Dataveillance, Uberveillance, and the Hypocrisy of One-Sided Watching (pages 32-45) Steve Mann (University of Toronto, Canada)
Chapter 3 Uberveillance: Where Wear and Educative Arrangement (pages 46-62) Alexander Hayes (University of Wollongong, Australia)
PART B Applications of Humancentric Implantables
Chapter 4 Practical Experimentation with Human Implants (pages 64-132) Kevin Warwick (University of Reading, UK), Mark N. Gasson (University of Reading, UK)
Chapter 5 Knowledge Recovery: Applications of Technology and Memory (pages 133-142) Maria E. Burke (University of Salford, UK), Chris Speed (University of Edinburgh, UK)
PART C Adoption of RFID Implants for Humans
Chapter 6 Willingness to Adopt RFID Implants: Do Personality Factors Play a Role in the Acceptance of Uberveillance? (pages 144-168) Christine Perakslis (Johnson and Wales University, USA)
Chapter 7 Surveilling the Elderly: Emerging Demographic Needs and Social Implications of RFID Chip Technology Use (pages 169-185) Randy Basham (University of Texas – Arlington, USA)
PART D Tracking and Tracing Laws, Directives, Regulations, and Standards
Chapter 8 Towards the Blanket Coverage DNA Profiling and Sampling of Citizens in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland (pages 187-207) Katina Michael (University of Wollongong, Australia)
Chapter 9 ID Scanners and Überveillance in the Night-Time Economy: Crime Prevention or Invasion of Privacy? (pages 208-225) Darren Palmer (Deakin University, Australia), Ian Warren (Deakin University, Australia), Peter Miller (Deakin University, Australia)
Chapter 10 Global Tracking Systems in the Australian Interstate Trucking Industry (pages 226-234) Jann Karp (C.C.C. Australia, Australia)
Chapter 11 Tracking Legislative Developments in Relation to “Do Not Track” Initiatives (pages 235-259) Brigette Garbin (University of Queensland, Australia), Kelly Staunton (University of Queensland, Australia), Mark Burdon (University of Queensland, Australia)
Chapter 12 Uberveillance, Standards, and Anticipation: A Case Study on Nanobiosensors in U.S. Cattle (pages 260-279) Kyle Powys Whyte (Michigan State University, USA), Monica List (Michigan State University, USA), John V. Stone (Michigan State University, USA), Daniel Grooms (Michigan State University, USA), Stephen Gasteyer (Michigan State University, USA), Paul B. Thompson (Michigan State University, USA), Lawrence Busch (Michigan State University, USA), Daniel Buskirk (Michigan State University, USA), Erica Giorda (Michigan State University, USA), Hilda Bouri (Michigan State University, USA)
PART E Health Implications of Microchipping Living Things
Chapter 13 Microchip-Induced Tumors in Laboratory Rodents and Dogs: A Review of the Literature 1990–2006 (pages 281-317) Katherine Albrecht (CASPIAN Consumer Privacy, USA)
PART F Socio-Ethical Implications of RFID Tags and Transponders
Chapter 14 Privacy and Pervasive Surveillance: A Philosophical Analysis (pages 319-350) Alan Rubel (University of Wisconsin – Madison, USA)
Chapter 15 Neuroethics and Implanted Brain Machine Interfaces (pages 351-365) Ellen M. McGee (Independent Researcher, USA)
Chapter 16 We Are the Borg! Human Assimilation into Cellular Society (pages 366-407) Ronnie D. Lipschutz (University of California - Santa Cruz, USA), Rebecca J. Hester (University of Texas Medical Branch, USA)
Chapter 17 Uberveillance and Faith-Based Organizations: A Renewed Moral Imperative (pages 408-416) Marcus Wigan (Oxford Systematics, Australia & Edinburgh Napier University, UK)
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Compilation of References
About the Contributors
EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
Roba Abbas, University of Wollongong, Australia
Greg Adamson, University of Melbourne, Australia
Katherine Albrecht, CASPIAN, USA
Anas Aloudat, University of Jordan, Jordan
Michael V. Arnold, University of Melbourne, Australia
Emilia Belleboni, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain
Rafael Capurro, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, USA
Kenneth Foster, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Amal Graafstra, Amal.net, USA
Mireille Hildebrandt, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Peter Hyland, University of Wollongong, Australia
Nicholas Huber, Accenture, Australia
Indrawati, Institut Manajemen Telkom, Indonesia
Eleni Kosta, K. U. Leuven, Belgium
Ronald Leenes, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Avner Levin, Ryerson University, Canada
Michael Loui, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign, USA
Noëmi Manders-Huits, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Keith W. Miller, University of Missouri – St. Louis, USA
Lyria Bennett Moses, University of New South Wales, Australia
Christine Perakslis, Johnson and Wales University, USA
Laura Perusco, Macquarie Bank, UK
Kenneth Pimple, Indiana University – Bloomington, USA
Joseph Savirimuthu, University of Liverpool, UK
Alan D. Smith, Robert Morris University, USA
Charles Smith, Mesa State College Alumni, USA
Judith Symonds, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Samuel Fosso Wamba, Rouen Business School, France
John Weckert, Charles Sturt University, Australia
HOW TO CITE THE VOLUME
Michael, M.G. and Katina Michael. "Uberveillance and the Social Implications of Microchip Implants: Emerging Technologies." IGI Global, 2014. 1-509. Web. 24 Dec. 2013. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-4582-0
Michael, M., & Michael, K. (2014). Uberveillance and the Social Implications of Microchip Implants: Emerging Technologies (pp. 1-509). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-4582-0
Michael, M.G. and Katina Michael. "Uberveillance and the Social Implications of Microchip Implants: Emerging Technologies." 1-509 (2014), accessed December 24, 2013. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-4582-0
When I was doing my PhD, more than ten years ago now, I remember coming across a peer reviewed article which had a drawing of a PDA (personal digital assistant) positioned graphically "in" the upper arm (just below the shoulder). The PDA was supposed to be embedded, just like this temperature sensor with bluetooth capability.
I would suggest for anyone thinking this is "awesome" that they take a good long read of the following article:
Amal Graafstra, K. Michael, and M.G. Michael. "Social-Technical Issues Facing the Humancentric RFID Implantee Sub-culture through the Eyes of Amal Graafstra", IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, Ed. Katina Michael. Wollongong, NSW, Australia: IEEE, 2010. 498-516. Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kmichael/193
I would also suggest going against the kind of procedure that was advocated- infection CAN kill you if neglected!
Mobile devices and wearable technology are redefining the phrase "personal computer" - no longer conjuring up thoughts of desktop or even laptop devices, but rather devices smaller - and more powerful - than many ever dreamed possible. The mobile phone in your hand - the one that has more computing performance than a 1979 Cray Supercomputer - is quickly being transformed into a mesh of wearable devices, allowing you remain connected 24x7 and throw off more private data than ever.
With the rise of mobile and wearable tech comes the ability for services providers, their partners and, well, just about anybody with a few dollars, to track where you are, what you are doing, who you are doing it with, where you've been and how quickly you're likely to be doing it again at your next "habitual" destination. Oh, and the likely route you are going to take.
Issues abound: what really differentiates mobile devices from wearable tech, and how are their privacy issues different? Why are we being pushed into an always-on/always-tracked society, and what is this data likely to reveal about ourselves over time?
"...We’ve created a beautiful smartphone app and desktop software to make storing, sharing, and curating Autography fast and simple wherever you are. Check out our ecographic to learn how the complete experience works together"